Lawmakers Want More Say in Emergency Orders

MONTGOMERY — While Gov. Kay Ivey’s Tuesday "Safer At Home" order extension doesn’t change what’s being asked of the public and some businesses, the mechanics behind her order are different.

The current order that was first issued in March — and amended several times since — had been signed by State Health Officer Dr. Scott Harris. It was made possible by a patchwork of state codes, but had a 120-day limit in mid-July.

Separate from the laws that allowed the previous orders, the extension Ivey announced Tuesday that runs through July is a proclamation allowed under the state’s Emergency Management Act, a law that gives the governor broad powers to address various disasters.

The health orders are also separate from states of emergency issued by the governor. A state of emergency in response to the coronavirus will need to be renewed by the governor in July.

The sometimes confusing and far-reaching health orders that have been issued without the Legislature’s input have not gone unnoticed by lawmakers.

Several senators in the spring legislative session co-signed a bill to rein in the health officer’s power, and limit the governor’s declared state of emergency to 14 days, then require legislative approval for extensions.

The bill did not advance in the COVID-19-shortened session, but Sen. Tom Whatley, R-Auburn, plans to sponsor it again.

“It gives the governor some checks and balances, and it gives the Legislature some checks and balance, and I think checks and balances are good in our form of government,” Whatley said Tuesday.

Sen. Cam Ward, R-Alabaster, was a co-sponsor on the bill. He said the state has never had to deal with a situation like the coronavirus.

“I think when we get done with this, when we get on the other side of all this, regardless of who the governor is, I do think we need to sit down and take a hard look at the scope of emergency orders," he said. "What powers are there and what are not, because right now it's pretty vague."

Ward added he thinks those powers need to be better defined, and that’s no reflection on Gov. Ivey.

"I just think with any governor, when you have that broad and vague of an area, I think it is confusing to both the executive and legislative branches of government.”

Senate President Pro Tem Del Marsh, R-Anniston, was also a co-sponsor. He said he expects Whatley’s bill to start discussions in a future session.

“I believe that, you know, we legislators should have a play in making these decisions,” Marsh said Tuesday. “I understand the public health angle of it, but maybe after a certain period of time, maybe not as long as 120 days, allow the Legislature to be involved and help them make these decisions based on true data.”

Marsh said the health orders that started in March had a domino effect that in some ways the state wasn’t prepared for, including about 500,000 Alabamians seeking unemployment benefits and overwhelming the Alabama Department of Labor.

He said he’s had to help some out-of-work constituents get their benefits and has had conversations with Alabama Labor Secretary Fitzgerald Washington about the issue.

Labor has increased staff in an effort to handle the influx of claims.

“But the state of Alabama should be doing everything it can to step up the Department of Labor to make sure that anybody that's applied for unemployment compensation is addressed quickly," Marsh said. "We've had way too many people who've had to wait way too long (to get benefits)."

Before orders are made, there should be infrastructure in place to deal with the reactions, he said.

“It's not just making the health order, it is looking at what's going to happen as a result of that and being prepared for that,” Marsh said.

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